History of Uluwatu Temple Bali

Everything You Need to Know About History Pura Luhur Uluwatu in Bali Uluwatu Temple locally known as Pura Luhur Uluwatu with Luhur meaning “something of divine origin”. This is one of Bali’s nine key directional temples and one of the most spectacular ones in the entire island, perched on top of a steep cliff approximately 70 metres above sea level.

Though a small temple was claimed to have existed earlier, the structure was significantly expanded by a Javanese sage, Empu Kuturan in the 11th Century. Another sage from East Java, Dang Hyang Nirartha is credited for constructing the padmasana shrines and it is said that he attained moksha here, an event called ngeluhur (“to go up”) locally. This has resulted in the temple’s epithet Luhur.

Etymologically the word “Ulu” means “the end, top, while “Watu” means “Stone”. So Uluwatu Temple means a sacred place built on the top of a rock, is Balinese Hindu Uluwatu Temple that located in the southwest direction as a temple to worship God in the form of Batara Shiva Rudra.

It is an ancient uluwatu temple in Bali, the historical background of the establishment of this Luhur Uluwatu Temple. Although it is not clear when it was built, it is estimated that it was built during the Sri Msula-Masuli husband and wife kingdom around the 9th century.

Uluwatu Temple Bali

The temple built by Mpu Kuturan or by MPU Rajacreta title. There are two different opinions concerning the history of the temple.

Uluwatu Temple First Opinions

Some people believe that Uluwatu Temple was built by Empu Kuturan in 9th AD, during Marakata’s reign. Mpu Kuturan is a Buddhist priest from the village of Girah in East Java, he came to Bali because of the urge to teach dharma and religion, was very instrumental in uniting the sects in Bali, so that the Kahyangan Tiga temple was realized, the manifestation of God as the Tri god. Murti and denied Kembulan.

The history of the establishment of the Luhur Uluwatu temple, related to ancient relics or the physical form of the uluwatu temple, such as the bracket temple or the Kori gelung agung in the temple courtyard that limits the temple grounds, characterizes that this temple is an ancient relic.

The physical form indicates that the uluwatu temple existed before Mpu Kuturan came to Bali. However, no inscription has been found that mentions the exact year the temple was founded, because some sources say this temple was built at the suggestion of Mpu Kuturan.

Uluwatu Temple Second Opinions

Other people claim that Uluwatu Temple was built by Dang Hyang Nirartha. Dang Hyang Nirartha came from Java to Bali during the reign of King Gelgel, namely Dalem Waturenggong, Has many names or titles, namely Dang Hyang Dwijendra, and Ida Pedanda Sakti Wawu Rauh.

Danghyang Nirartha came to Bali in 1489 AD during the reign of Dalem Waturenggong, Danghyang Nirartha came to Bali in the context of the dharmayatra, but his dharmayatra would never return to Java.

The priest on the journey of Tirta Yatra in Bali has built several temples in remote parts of the island of Bali, including the Uluwatu Temple that located in Pecatu hill, after completing his mission for spiritual journey Tirta Yatra, Danghyang Dwijendra returned to uluwatu temple for receive the revelation. He moksa (died and his body vanished), leaving the Marcapada (worldly life) and entering Swargaloka (heaven).

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