Barong and Keris dance

Barong and keris dance is a traditional Balinese dance performance that tells the story of an endless battle where the fight between Bad and Good. The barong who represents the good character and Rangda who represents the evil character, where in this story the barong wins the battle. In addition, in this dance performance there is a trance dance attraction where the dancer will stab a dagger in his body and uniquely his body is not injured at all.

A dance performance that is full of meaning and inspires our lives where we are taught to behave well to fellow human beings in order to create harmony in living this life. Barong is a character in the mythology of Bali. He is the king of the spirits, leader of the hosts of good, and enemy of Rangda in the mythological traditions of Bali.

Banas Pati Rajah is the fourth brother or spirit child that accompanies a child throughout life. Banas Pati Rajah is the spirit which animates Barong. A protector spirit, he is often represented by a lion, and traditional performances of his struggles against Rangda are popular parts of Balinese culture.

Barong and Keris dance

Barong is a mythological character whose aim is to protect Bali from all kinds of evil disturbances that threaten the island of Bali. The barong is depicted in various forms of worshiped animal guises such as lions, tigers, wild boars, buffalo, elephants, or dogs.

Barong has emerged as part of Javanese and Balinese culture since people still believe in animistic beliefs. And in Bali the shape of the barong character is like a mixed animal face with a scary but good character. Made in such a way that it can create a religious feel when you see it.

Barong bali originated as a development of barong ponorogo or Reog, which King Airlangga brought when he fled to the island of Bali to save himself. Besides Barong Ponorogo, Airlangga also brought other forms of literary art, Javanese script, and religious rituals.

What is Rangda?

Rangda is a mythological creature from Bali which has an evil character which is told with a frightening appearance and often kidnaps and eats small children and is considered to be the embodiment of Goddess Durga. The name Rangda comes from the ancient Javanese language which means “widow” and in the past the name Widow was found in the Vaisya, Kshatriya and Brahmin castes, while from the lower caste, the Sudra caste, it was not called the Widow but by the name Balu.

So it can be concluded that Rangda came from a caste and most likely Rangda came from queen Mahendradatta who lived on the island of Java in the 11th century. He was exiled by the king of Dharmodayana because he was accused of committing witchcraft against the consort of the two kings.

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According to legend he took revenge by killing half the kingdom, which later became his and the property of Dharmodayana’s son, Erlangga. Then he was replaced by a wise man. The form of Rangda is manifested in a very scary form as a woman with long disheveled hair and has long nails, a long protruding tongue, and long breasts.